What does an Obstetrician and Gynecologist doWhat does an Obstetrician and Gynecologist do?

Become an Obstetrician and Gynecologist

To become an obstetrician and gynecologist you must earn a bachelor's degree, take the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), and gain admissions into medical school. Next, you would complete a residency program.

Medical schools are highly competitive so it is important to begin volunteering, doing well academically, and finding leadership roles in high school and in your undergraduate program. It will take a minimum of eight years to complete.

Job description of an Obstetrician and Gynecologist

Obstetricians and Gynecologists primary responsibility is the care for women's health. Their duties include fertility, birthing, pregnancy, and postpartum care, in addition to any reproductive system disorders.

They diagnose, monitor, care, counsel, and develop treatment plans for their patients as well as refer out to other medical professions when necessary. Pending on the setting they may also treat and diagnose breast cancer, cervical cancer, menopause, or address hormonal issues.

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there is an 18% percent growth, which is faster than average predicted until 2022 and the average annual salary is $317,496.


According to O*Net, the main tasks of obstetricians and gynecologists include:

  • Collect medical information from patients, family members, or other medical professionals.
  • Record patient medical histories.
  • Treat chronic diseases or disorders.
  • Monitor patient progress or responses to treatments.
  • Prescribe medications.
  • Analyze test data or images to inform diagnosis or treatment.
  • Care for women during pregnancy and childbirth.
  • Administer non-intravenous medications.
  • Explain medical procedures or test results to patients or family members.
  • Prescribe treatments or therapies.
National Center for O*NET Development. 29-1064.00. O*NET OnLine. Retrieved January 24, 2016, from http://www.onetonline.org/link/details/29-1064.00