A psychologist normally requires a doctoral degree or a specialist degree in psychology. Some finish a Ph. D. in psychology or get a Doctor of Psychology degree (PsY.D). As a Ph.D. they complete the comprehensive exam and dissertation on original research and complete a 1 year internship.
The PsY.D. is a clinical degree and combines practical work and examinations. Depending on the area of speciality, more specified degrees and requirements exist, such as, school psychologist, industrial-organizational psychologist or education. In some cases, an applicant may be considered with a master's degree in a related field. A license or certification is required in order to practice.
Job Description of a Psychologist
A psychologist uses a variety of methods to gather information on the study of human interactions with one another and their environments, such as, studying the emotional and human behavior, social process and cognitive behavior and observing the outcome. They strive to understand a patient's behavior, emotions and feelings and attempt to explain them.
They may use different techniques and scientific studies to develop theories on what may influence a person's feelings and behavior, like, interviews, brain function, intelligence tests or other methods.
A psychologist's career tests and follows possible patterns in a patient or group of people to help predict a certain behavior. He or she might gather data or information through controlled laboratory experiments, psychoanalysis or psychotherapy.
One may wish to specialize in a certain area of psychology, for instance, clinical, health or neuropsychologist, as well as, counseling or forensic psychologist, to name a few. A psychologist can be found working in a variety of places, like, businesses, schools or other facilities and may have their own practice, work with a healthcare team or work on independent research, among other places.