A medical scientist investigates human diseases and conducts research and methods to prevent and treat it in order to improve overall health in humans. They design studies, use clinical trials, develop experiments, and form hypothesis in order to understand certain health issues. Most medical scientists specialize in a certain area of research, for example cancer or neuroscience to name a few.
How to become a Medical Scientist
A medical scientist usually begins their education with a bachelor's degree in chemistry, biology, or other related field. Undergraduates are encouraged to take a wide variety of courses like physical science and math. He or she would also want to pursue classes that would enhance and develop writing and communication skills that are necessary when writing grants or research findings for publication. After completing this, the student usually enters the Ph.D. Program.
Some have duel-degree programs that pairs a PhD with other specialty degrees in medicine, for example a Doctor of Dental Surgery (D.D.S.) or Medical Doctor (M.D.). PhD Students focus on research methods like data information or project design. The one with a duel degree learns both the research and clinical skills.
Graduate programs stress both original research and laboratory work. He or she continuing medical school spends 2 years in classrooms and labs and take courses in microbiology, biochemistry and pharmacology, for example. They may be required to complete a residency program as well.
Job Description of a Medical Scientist
A medical scientist helps find methods of preventive care of humans and discovering treatment for human illness. They do investigations involving deceases, such as cancer, by analyzing medical samples and performing other tests. They look for cause and treatment of pathogens, toxicity or chronic deceases in their goal to improve human health.
They work with health departments, physicians or others in developing clinical trials or programs to help prevent decease, such as, looking for connections or links between illnesses, like, diet and diabetes or smoking and lung cancer or other links that help them find cause, preventative health measures and treatment. They standardize drug potency, it's effects, potency and doses that allow the distribution and mass manufacturing of drugs. They may design tools for medical use.
A medical scientist often works alone in universities and would lead teams or students or technicians in tasks of support, like taking measurements. Some work in laboratories and in offices, spending most of their time studying data and other information.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics project a 8 percent growth in 2012-2022 for this career field.