What does a Librarian do?
A librarian gives assistance to people searching for information. They also do research for both professional and personal use. Depending on the type of library they are employed with their duties may change as in the case of a medical library, public library, or school.
A librarian may work in universities, local government, or for companies, just to name a few.
How to become a Librarian
A librarian typically needs a master's degree in library science (MLS). They would require a bachelor's degree in any major in order to enter the master's degree in library science and normally would take 1-2 years to finish. They should have course work in research methods and strategies, organizing information, Internet search methods, and online reference systems.
An accredited program from an American Library Association may earn a degree that helps secure a good job. There are other names that some colleges and universities use in their programs of library science, for example Master of Library and Information Studies or Master of Information Studies.
In the case of a librarian employed in a library specializing in medical, corporate, or law one would typically supplement a master's degree in library science with the other identified field. It may be required for some librarians to have a master's degree, a professional degree, or even a PhD. This would depend on the area of expertise they would be expected to have as in the instance of a law librarian that would be required to hold a law degree.
Some states require librarians to pass a standardized test and librarians working in public schools usually need a teacher's certification.
Job Description of a Librarian
Librarians typically help people in search of information and conducting research. Depending on the size and type of library one is employed at would determine the various duties performed. On average, librarians are responsible for the organization of materials and the use and development of databases of library materials.
Librarians would research new materials and books by reading catalogs, publisher's announcements, and book reviews. Some may train library technicians, volunteer workers, and personal assistants. They may be responsible for preparing library budgets.
A librarian's duties would become more specialized if one worked as a corporate librarian, for example as their work may include helping insurance companies or publishers and consulting firms by conducting research. This would apply as well to a medical, law, government, or academic librarian, in that each area would have particular requirements and duties of it's own.
A librarian should be skilled in communication, problem solving, reading, and technology. They should have interpersonal skills as well.
A librarian should have initiative because with the changes in technology and resources they would need to motivate themselves to remain current in their knowledge.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics project a 2 percent growth in 2014-2024 in this career field which is slower than average for all occupations.