An industrial-organizational psychologist applies psychology principles to human resources, sales, marketing, administration and management issues in a work place. Their job may include development and training, policy planning and organization analysis and development. This occupation may require improving productivity from employee's by co-operating with management in organizing the work place.
How to become a Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
In order to become an industrial-organizational psychologist, you are required to hold a master's degree. Usually, a four year degree in statistics or psychology is obtained first, and then one would move on to the studies in research design, industrial-organizational psychology and statistics to get the master's degree. Some employer's require a Ph.D., M.D. or J.D. (law degree). A strong background of five years experience is often wanted.
Job Description of a Industrial-Organizational Psychologist
An industrial-organizational psychologist would research studies of group interactions, physical work environments, morale, organizational structures and other areas, such as, motivation to determine organizational funtionality. They apply principles of individual differences and learning in order to develop and put in to place productive training programs. They use test and observations to study a consumer's reaction to package designs or new products and efforts to advertise. One may be required to give testimony in lawsuits involving an employee.
An industrial-organizational psychologist might be involved in the development of improving interview techniques, phycological testing and rating skills that would determine the interests and abilities of an employee that may be considered for employment or promotion. They encourage new business by making sales presentations, interacting with potential clients or writing proposals. They remain up-to-date on psychological science issues by reading current research literature and would apply new knowledge to the work place. One needs a knowledge in human and personnel resources, psychology, management and administration.
He or she needs to have a knowledge of sociology and anthropology in order to understand group behavior and dynamics, their history or culture and any other relevant information for the job. Computers and electronics, sales and marketing are needed as well.
An industrial-organizational psychologist must have the ability to communicate, both orally and written, so that, ideas and information may be given and/or received, so that, all parties involved may understand. They have to be able to solve problems and make decisions and provide advice and consultation when needed.