What does a Food Scientist do?
A food scientist studies the deterioration and processing of foods by using microbiology, engineering and chemistry. They determine nutrient levels of food by analyzing it's content. They look for new nutritional food sources and investigate avenues for making processed foods taste good, safe and healthy, while also, finding the best way to distribute, process, preserve and package the food. They strive to ensure that agricultural industries are food safe and productive through, for example, selective breeding.
How to become a Food Scientist
A food scientist usually requires a bachelor's degree from an accredited post secondary institution. Often, a student continues on to get a doctoral degree. A lot of experience and knowledge in a work-related field is normally expected. Some on-the-job training may be given.
Job Description of a Food Scientist
A food scientist uses the knowledge of chemistry, microbiology and engineering to analyze the principles of food deterioration and processing and the food's vitamin, protein, sugar and fat content. They are involved in researching new ways to ensure food safety, as well as, the taste and nutrition of the food. They check for stability and maturity in raw ingredients for processing to be sure the products meet required safety standards, quality and nutrient values.
Safety compliance with government regulations are also inspected in regards to sanitation, waste management standards and quality. They assist development of quality assurance programs for storage operations and food processing. He or she works toward the overall improvement of the aspects of food, like, texture, flavor, color, chemical composition, convenience and nutritional value.
A food scientist remains current on new regulations or events by reading scientific literature or other articles. He or she would help to resolve any problems in product development by working and consulting with plant operators, process engineers, marketing and packaging specialist and flavor experts.
This occupation uses the knowledge in production and processing, chemistry, biology and food production, to include, techniques and equipment used for growing and harvesting food products that will be consumed. One needs to know the english language, mathematics and physics, among other things. They are skilled at writing effectively, active learning, critical thinking and reading comprehension. They have the ability to produce answers that apply to specific problems and provide any information necessary to supervisors, subordinates or others, through, email, phone or in written form as well as, in person.
A food scientist should be able to analyze data, interact with computers, monitor processors or materials and surroundings to detect any problems. Most food scientist are found working in the federal government, research universities or private industry. Others, work in offices or food production facilities. Normally, a food scientist would be employed full-time.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects a 9 percent increase in 2012-2022 in this career field.