What is a Civil Engineer
A civil engineer supervises and designs substantial construction projects. They maintain, construct and operate these construction projects and systems to include airports, buildings and bridges, as well as, sewage treatment or systems for water supply.
How to become a Civil Engineer
Civil engineers need a bachelor's degree in civil engineering technology or civil engineering. In order to elevate their career a graduate degree would usually be expected, as well as, a licensure for promotion. A civil engineer must normally be licensed where they provide public services, but requirements are different from state to state.
Job Description of a Civil Engineer
A civil engineer works in engineering areas in overseeing, designing and planning construction and maintenance of building structures and/or facilities, like, irrigation projects, power plants, bridges and other sites. They inspect work sites to ensure conformance to safety and design specifications and monitor progress of the project. They give estimates of cost materials and quantities or the project site's maintenance. They can provide the technical advice needed for structural repairs, program modifications or regarding design.
A civil engineer would determine the strength and adequacy of steel, foundations, asphalt or concrete by testing materials or soils. In determining design specifications to material stress factors or water flow rates they would grade and compute load requirements.
A civil engineer uses design software and drawing tools to follow construction and/or government standards in designing and planning hydraulic systems or transportation and structures. They analyze aerial photography, geologic data, maps, blueprints and other types of reports and surveys to plan projects. He or she would sometimes give reports on subjects, like, environmental impact statements, bid proposals or other public reports.
A knowledge of engineering and technology, management and administration, as well as, design, building and construction is needed. A knowledge of public safety and security, mathematics and physics is used in this occupation. Time management is important and complex problem solving among other skills.
While most civil engineers work inside an office, full time, they also may need to be outside on construction sites to monitor or solve a problem.