What does a Chemist do?What does a Chemist do?

Chemist and Materials Scientist

A chemist's career tests ways to make existing products better and develop new ones. For example, cleaners, drugs, plastics, and several other products. A chemist will plan and execute research projects, analyze and test substances to find out their composition and concentration of elements. They write technical reports that would detail methods and results of their research.

How to become a Chemist

A bachelor's degree in chemistry or a related field is required to become a chemist and materials scientist. Many employer's are asking for a master's degree in a similar field and a Ph.D. is needed for many research jobs. Experience is usually preferred.

Job Description of a Chemist

A chemist and materials scientist work in applied research, as well as basic research. In the applied research, a chemist helps lead to a development and discovery of improved or new plastics, drugs, or cleaners (to name a few).

Chemists also determining the structure, properties and composition of matter. They conduct experiments and tests with the ways that combinations of elements might react to each other.

In materials science, one looks for ways to combine or strengthen and develop any new materials for a wide variety of products. They apply materials science in inventing and/or improving metallic alloys, superconducting materials and ceramics.

A chemist and materials scientist would direct technicians and others in the analyzing of components and the materials of physical properties. They oversee the techniques and proper chemical processing,of technicians and scientist, and also their testing procedures, like, operating temperatures, ingredients or mixing times.

He or she would be required to prepare solutions, reagents and compounds that would be used in the procedures of the labs. They ensure quality and safety requirements are kept by conducting tests on the materials. They would be required to write technical reports of their research findings and present them to engineers, scientists and others.

A chemist and materials scientist need to have knowledge of computers and of advanced, sophisticated laboratory instruments that are used for experimental analysis, modeling or simulation. They would need to be able to use three-dimensional computer modeling software for their research and studies. He or she would most likely work on a team with other scientists, engineers, physicists, biologists and others in their research.

There are several areas of specialization in this occupation. Materials scientist mostly specialize in what they most often work with like glass, ceramics, or semiconductors.

Many chemists work in the field of geochemistry, biochemistry, or with their experience in chemistry may choose to go on to become a teacher or professor.