Veterinarians are medical professionals that treat animals. They examine, diagnose,..


What does a Veterinarian do?

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Veterinarians are medical professionals that treat animals. They examine, diagnose, and treat pets, farm animals, or other animals and often perform surgery. They are skilled at using modern medical equipment or surgical tools similar to a physician in human health medicine.

How to Become a Veterinarian

veterinarian with a dog

Veterinarians must earn a doctorate degree. Though not required many students earn a bachelors degree prior to applying to vet school. Coursework in biology, zoology, animal science, and other related courses can be beneficial in getting admitted into graduate school. You then must attend an accredited veterinarian school and complete a Doctor of Veterinarian Medicine degree (D.V.M. or V.M.D.). This typically takes about 4 years and includes classroom, laboratory, and clinical components.

Most veterinary programs include math, humanities and science and are beginning to include general business management and career development courses so that new veterinary graduates know how to manage a practice. All states require a license to practice. Applicants must pass an North American Veterinary Licensing Exam (NAVLE) to become certified. For more information go to their website.

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Job Description of a Veterinarian

Most people think veterinarians work in private clinical practices and treat illnesses or injuries of pets or other animals. Though this is primarily true there are also specialized areas one can work in. Examples include equine, food safety and inspection, research, or other veterinary based services. Some become postsecondary teachers at colleges or universities even. That said, a typical veterinarian in private clinical practice would normally examine an animal and determine their medical needs and treat the animal.

Veterinarians care for animal’s wounds and dress them, as well as, give vaccinations to animals and give tests for possible diseases, like heart worm or other illnesses. They use a variety of medical equipment, such as, X-ray and ultrasound machines or surgical tools. They prescribe medication for animals and educate people about the basic care and needs of their pet or animal, their medical condition or treatment plan.

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