What does a Surveyor do?
|Citation||Retrieved in 2017 from BLS.org|
A surveyor determines property boundaries by taking precise measurements. They provide data for engineering industries, construction projects, and map making that is relevant to their client or employer. A surveyor may prevent legal disputes by updating boundary lines and preparing sites for construction. Surveyors work both indoors and outdoors in fieldwork.
How to Become a Surveyor
A surveyor must have a bachelor’s degree due to the necessity of working with sophisticated math and technology. It is often acceptable to hold a bachelor’s degree in forestry, civil engineering, or a closely related field.
Most states require a surveyor graduate from a program that is accredited by ABET and gain a minimum of 4 years experience under a licensed surveyor. However, some states may accept an aspirant with an associate’s degree in surveying along with work experience under a licensed surveyor. Continuing education is usually required in most states as well. The National Council of Examiners for Engineering and Surveying has a 4 step generalized process which are:
- Complete the level of education required in your state
- Pass the exam of Fundamentals of Surveying (FS)
- Gain work experience under a licensed surveyor
- Pass the exam for Principles and Practice of Surveying (PS)
Job Description of a Surveyor
The duties of a surveyor would include the measuring of angles and distances between points below, on, and above the Earth’s surface. They also research survey and land records as well as land titles. He or she would travel to relevant sites and determine exact locations of important features by using known reference points.
Surveyors gather proof of previous boundaries in order to compare where boundary lines are located and record the results to ensure data accuracy. A surveyor prepares reports, maps, and plots and presents their findings to government agencies and clients.
They determine exact locations of buildings or roads and the correct depth for building foundations. He or she may also indicate possible restrictions on property or a structure. Surveyors may also testify in court regarding survey work completed and establish official water and land boundaries for leases, deeds, or other legal documents.
A surveyor should be skilled in problem solving, time management, and be very detail-oriented. They should have good visualization and physical stamina as lots of time is spent on their feet.