What does a Surgeon do?
A surgeon is a medical practitioner or a doctor that specializes particularly in surgery. There use operative measures to treat disease, injury, or repair/remove body tissues, bones, or organs.
How to Become a Surgeon
Becoming a surgeon can be a lengthy process. First you must earn a bachelor’s degree and then apply for medical school. Most medical schools do not specific a particular undergraduate degree, however we encourage you to earn degrees in the Sciences. you are required to take a entrance exam called the Medical College Admission test (MCAT). This is usually taken your senior year of college while earning your undergraduate degree; the higher the score the better chances you have. Once you are accepted into program you attend an additional fours years and then must complete a residency or fellowship training; this can last 3-10 years.
Medical school is very competitive therefore one most start focusing on academics early. High school students should take courses that focus on science and math; in addition to advance courses when possible. community service projects or volunteer work. This can increase your chances.For more information read the MCAT prep article on our free health career test.
Job Description of a Surgeon
Surgeons specialize in the diagnosis and preoperative, operative, and postoperative management of patient care. They must be knowledgable of anatomy, emergency and intensive care, immunology, metabolism, nutrition, pathology, physiology, shock and resuscitation, and wound healing. Surgeons can be trained in 14 different area and are specifically trained in this during there residency or fellowships. It varies from pediatric, cardio, vascular, orthopedic, or neurological for example.
Surgeons are required to be on the feet throughout much of the day and work a minimum of 50-60 hours a week and may be on call as well.There are not consistent hours therefore can work very irregular hours and some days are longer than others pending on what surgeries are scheduled for that day. They work in well light and sterile environments. They are responsible for the surgery and leading all medical staff that are assisting in the surgery. Surgeons usually do anywhere from 2-3 a week, but can do more pending on the complexity of the surgery being performed. In addition they consult and meet with their patients prior and after surgeries to answer any questions or concerns.