What does a Sociologist do?
A sociologist is involved in designing research projects to help them test theories concerning social issues. Sociologists study social institutions, cultures, groups, organizations, or processes of the interaction that develops when people work together.
Sociologists frequently meet with colleagues on research projects concerning education, religion, and family (and many other topics) to compare and collect information concerning social issues and society.
How to Become a Sociologist
A sociologist usually requires obtaining a master’s degree or PhD. There are two types of master degree programs. One is traditional programs that prepare one to advance into a PhD; the other is an applied, clinical, and professional program which prepares one to enter into the workplace by teaching the student analytical skills to perform research in a professional environment.
Courses in statistics and research methods are highly recommended for both a master’s degree and a PhD. Some programs may offer internship opportunities. A sociologist would be expected to have communication, analytical, written and critical thinking skills. Competition is strong in this career field.
Job Description of a Sociologist
Because a sociologist studies human behavior, interactions, and organizations and they specialize in a wide variety of social topics. These social topics include health, families, crime, gender, poverty, education, aging, racial and ethnic relations, and population.
Sociologists collect information through surveys, interviews, and observations and then draw conclusions from their data. They also give presentations detailing their research and prepare articles and reports.
A sociologist examines the effects of social influences (like organizations or institutions) on both groups and individuals. A sociologist would follow the growth and origin of these interactions and groups, such as the effect of a new policy or law in a particular demographic. In addition, a sociologist often needs to employ statistical analysis programs in research and use both quantitative and qualitative methods.