Psychologists are professionals that study cognitive, emotional, and social behaviors..


What does a Psychologist do?

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Psychologists are professionals that study cognitive, emotional, and social behaviors by treating, observing, interpreting, and documenting relationships and environmental factors that may affect an individual. They take into consideration ones thoughts, emotions, reactions, or behaviors to try to understand patterns that alters ones ability to function. Psychologist specialize in diagnosing and treating but are not able to prescribe medications instead they use talk therapy to help their patients.

How to Become a Psychologist

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A psychologist must earn a doctorate degree. This includes either a Ph.D or a PsY.D. A PsY.D is a clinical degree and combines practical work and examinations. In this track that complete a minimum of 1 year in a clinical setting such as a health service, counseling, or school setting. Whereas a Ph.D in psychology is more researched based that includes a comprehensive exam and a dissertation based on original research. These are typically more classroom oriented than practical.

Depending on the area of speciality more specified degrees and requirements may exist. Some specialities areas include school psychologist, industrial-organizational psychologist, or educational psychologist. A license or certification is required in order to practice for all types of psychologist.

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Job Description of a Psychologist

Besides just treating clients, a psychologist uses a variety of methods to gather information on the study of human interactions with one another and their environments. They study and observe the outcomes of emotional and human behavior, social processes, and cognitive behavior. They strive to understand a patient’s behavior, emotions, and feelings and attempt to explain them. Psychologists use different techniques and scientific studies to develop theories on what may influence a person’s feelings and behavior. They conduct interviews, brain function assessments, intelligence tests, or use other various methods.

A psychologist’s tests and follows possible patterns in a patient or group of people to help predict a certain behavior. He or she might gather data or information through controlled laboratory experiments, psychoanalysis, or psychotherapy.

One may wish to specialize in a certain area of psychology for instance clinical, health, neuropsychologist, counseling, or forensic psychology to name a few. A psychologist can be found working in a variety of places such as businesses, schools, or other facilities. Some may have their own practice, work with a healthcare teams, or work on independent research.

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