What does a Preschool Teacher do?
A preschool teacher educates children between 3 to 5 years of age and have not yet started kindergarten. They concentrate on the language, motor, basic academic and social skills of the child in order to prepare them to enter kindergarten or other school academics in future.
How to Become a Preschool Teacher
A preschool teacher usually needs an associate’s degree in early childhood education or similar field. A 1 to 2 year experience or training is normally desired, to include, on-the-job training and/or formal training under supervision. A recognized apprenticeship program may be helpful to gain employment in this occupation.
Job Description of a Preschool Teacher
A preschool teacher carries out the duties of instructing children of pre-school age, normally ranging from 3 to 5 years of age, in programs and activities created to develop intellectual growth, social skills and physical growth in a way that a small child can learn and prepare for their next level of school. They teach behavioral rules and boundaries for maintaining orderly conduct. The teacher leads and organizes activities, such as, arts and crafts, field trips, music, storytelling and games, designed to promote mental, social and physical development.
A preschool teacher would be involved in the observation of a child and evaluate their progress or performance concerning their physical health, behavior and social development. The teacher would teach basic skills to the children, like, shapes, colors, and numbers, as well as, social skills, personal hygiene and their letters. They read books to small groups or larger classes and care for the other basic needs of the children, like, changing diapers, feeding them or even dressing them. They encourage learning exploration by providing various resources and materials to use and manipulate in both imaginative play and learning activities.
A preschool teacher helps the children develop good personal hygiene and eating habits and serve meals and snacks within the required nutritional guidelines. A knowledge of education and training is required for this job, as well as, english language, like, the spelling and meaning of words, grammar and rules of composition. They need to know psychology that would include human behavior, personality and individual differences, motivation and learning, among others. They require extensive communication skills in speaking, instructing, listening and learning strategies.
A preschool teacher would have positive interaction and communication with co-workers, subordinates and/or supervisors and be able to coordinate, manage or train others. A preschool teacher works in childcare centers, private and public schools and charitable organizations. Most preschool teachers work 10 months of the year, however, some may work full time.