What does a Physicist do?
|Citation||Retrieved in 2017 from BLS.org|
A physicist apply themselves to the discovery and study of the ways that energy and matter interact. Physicist often times conduct, investigate, and conclude to solutions or theories in science. They also design scientific equipment for example electron microscopes, particle accelerators, and lasers that can be used to perform experiments.
How to Become a Physicist
To become a physicist one must earn a doctorate degree (PhD). However with a bachelor’s degree in physics one would qualify as a research assistant and technician in similar fields like computer science and engineering. Those holding master’s degree sometimes find employment in the federal government or become teachers in middle or high school. However, to secure jobs in academia or research as a physicist one needs a PhD degree. Most start out their careers in a 2-3 year temporary postdoctoral research position and work with experienced scientist until they are qualified to begin working more on their own.
Job Description of a Physicist
A physicist is curious about the properties of the natural world like atom formations or the force of gravity and develop scientific theories and models that helps them understand and explain it. They may study the evolution of the universe and the fundamental properties of molecules and atoms. In the case of the application of practical areas, a physicist may develop medical equipment and advanced materials.
There are physicists that do basic research to increase scientific knowledge by working in teams with other scientists, engineers, and technicians. Physicists can work on applied physics which has a focus on fiber optics, medical, or nuclear physics. This is considered more practical and can be used for the general public more immediately, whereas those who work in theoretical physics are more focused on what could be. They use abstract thinking and mathematical equations to explain physical properties that interact with the world or universe, thus having a less direct effect the general public.
Physicist mostly work in laboratories for private industries, hospitals, research centers or universities. Most work full time, but at times can work under grant funds. Many physicist present their research findings at conferences and lectures and also write scientific reports that are sometimes published in scholarly journals. This occupational field primary focus is designing, implementing, and drawing conclusions on scientific experiments which in turn will hopefully advance of science and industry. Most opportunities will present in the medical field for those entering this career field.