What does an Elevator Installer and Repairer do?
Elevator installers and repairers maintain, install, and fix elevators, moving walkways, stair lifts, escalators, and other lifts or similar equipment in buildings. There are two types of elevator installers and repairers. One type specialize in fine-tuning the equipment after the installation and assuring required specifications are met. The other type is assistant mechanic that have completed the 4-year apprenticeship program and typically work under an experienced mechanic. Both elevator installers and repairers often work in cramped quarters, machine rooms, and crawl spaces and sometimes, heights in elevator shafts.
Elevator mechanics frequently work in elevator machine rooms that are located at the top of elevator hoist-ways. Repairers often work overtime and may possibly be required to be on call 24 hours a day.
How to become a Elevator Installer and Repairer
It is typically required for elevator installers and repairers to learn through an apprenticeship program and currently, 35 states require a license to work. A high school diploma or the equivalent is needed. It would be advantageous for a high school student to take classes in mechanical drawing, shop, and math, so that, they may be more competitive for openings in the apprenticeship program.
The apprenticeship program is 4-years in length with each year requiring students to have at least 144 hours of related technical instruction and 2,000 hours of paid on-the-job training. Unions and some contractors offer apprenticeship programs and for one to enter they must be: 18 years of age, have a high school diploma or the equivalent, be physically able to do the job, and pass a test in reading, math, and mechanical aptitude.
After elevator installers and repairers are fully trained they are expected to continue on going training to stay current with technological developments during their careers. Since 35 states require a licensing, one should check the specific requirements for the state they will be working in.
Job Description of a Elevator Installer and Repairer
The duties of an elevator installer and repairer usually includes reading blueprints to determine what equipment is needed for the job and to locate malfunctions in the switches, brakes, motors, and control systems. They may install or repair cables motors, elevator doors, and control systems. He or she may connect electrical wiring to control panels and electric motors. They use test equipment to diagnose problems and adjust safety controls, counterweights, and door mechanisms. They test newly installed equipment to ensure all specifications are met and that the elevator meets all safety regulations and building codes.
Elevator installers and repairers must keep records of service rendered of all repairs and maintenance. Because of the high wages earned in this career field, competition may be strong.